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100 - Mohni tuletorn

100 - Mohni tuletorn
Region: Põhja-Eesti     Light ordinates: 59.68388 N, 25.794938 E
Light running: night     Light characteristics: LFl W 20s
Light height from ground: 27m     Light height from sea: 33m
Light visibility: 10M     Built, y: 1852

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Project of the Mohni lighthouse 1852. Estonian Maritime Museum’s collections.

 

Project of the Mohni lighthouse staff building 1903. Estonian Maritime Museum’s collections. 

 

The initial wooden lighthouse dating from 1806 on the island of Mohni was replaced by a 20m brick structure in 1852. Only a few years had passed, when the severe deterioration of the fabric made clear that the low quality bricks could not handle the harsh Nordic weather. In 1871 additional 7m were added to the lighthouse and the whole building was covered with a new layer of bricks. The lantern room was commissioned from a Latvian factory in Liepaja and the dioptric apparatus from the Chance Brothers & Co in England.

Due to continuous spalling of the brick surface, the lighthouse was covered with a reinforced concrete shell after World War II, which was removed in 1998. Next to the lighthouse, a remarkable number of outbuildings have survived to this day, which makes Mohni a spectacular example of lighthouse architecture in its full meaning. The whole ensemble is also listed as an architectural monument.


Mohni lighthouse 1914. Aivo Aia’s collections. 



Mohni lighthouse ca 1900. Estonian Maritime Museum’s collections. 

 Project of the Mohni lighthouse reconstruction ca 1871. Estonian Maritime Museum’s collections.

  

 Plans of the sauna of the Mohni lighthouse in 1881. Estonian Maritime Museum’s collections.



 Mohni lighthouse in operation. Postcard ca 1910. Jaan Vali's collections. 



 Mohni lighthouse fog siren station ca 1930. Aivo Aia’s collections.



 Mohni lighthouse covered with concrete render before 1998. Leo Käärmann. 

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